A corn is the callus of dead skin formed on the toes. Corns are sometimes refered to as cloves. They are formed on the dorsal surface of toes or fingers. Corns appear when the pressure point against the skin traces an elliptical path in a rubbing motion. Hard corns are typically on the outer area of the small toe or the top of the toe. Soft corns develop in between the toes and look similar to a sore.


Causes include wearing poorly fitting shoes or socks, toe deformities, wearing high heeled shoes and friction production due to rubbing against a stitch or seam inside the shoe.


The hard center part of the corn look likes a barley hare. It is like a funnel with a wide raised top and a barbed bottom. Corns produce pain and pressure leading to ulceration and tissue damage. Soft corns remain moist while hard corns are found on flat, dry skin surfaces. The center of the corn is indurated.

Treatment (non-surgical)

Treatment of corns includes the peeling of the lesions, which instantly decreases pain. If an unusual pressure source stays, the corn usually returns. This source should therefore be removed. Corns can be avoided with the help of conservative footwear having an extra toe space and with orthotics or padding.